Below is a list compiled by Graeme Blair, Alex Coppock, and Margaret Moor of all published and unpublished list experiments. If your list experiment is not included, please email Margaret at

Ahart, Allison M, and Paul R Sackett. 2004. “A New Method of Examining Relationships Between Individual Difference Measures and Sensitive Behavior Criteria: Evaluating the Unmatched Count Technique.” Organizational Research Methods 7 (1). Sage Publications: 101–14.

Ahlquist, John S, Kenneth R Mayer, and Simon Jackman. 2014. “Alien Abduction and Voter Impersonation in the 2012 Us General Election: Evidence from a Survey List Experiment.” Election Law Journal 13 (4). Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA: 460–75.

Antin, Judd, and Aaron Shaw. 2012. “Social Desirability Bias and Self-Reports of Motivation: A Study of Amazon Mechanical Turk in the Us and India.” In Proceedings of the Sigchi Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2925–34. ACM.

Arentoft, Alyssa, Kathleen Van Dyk, April D Thames, Philip Sayegh, Nicholas Thaler, Daniel Schonfeld, Joseph LaBrie, and Charles H Hinkin. 2016. “Comparing the Unmatched Count Technique and Direct Self-Report for Sensitive Health-Risk Behaviors in Hiv+ Adults.” AIDS Care 28 (3). Taylor & Francis: 370–75.

Aronow, Peter M., Alexander Coppock, Forrest W. Crawford, and Donald P. Green. 2015. “Combining List Experiment and Direct Question Estimates of Sensitive Behavior Prevalence.” Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology 3 (1). Oxford University Press: 43–66.

Ash, Konstantin. 2013. “Identity Group Allegiance in Civil Wars.” New York Times.

Bausch, Andrew W, Anna O Pechenkina, and Kiron Skinner. 2016. “Limitations of List Experiments in Post-Conflict Zones.”

Benson, Brett V, Jennifer L Merolla, and John G Geer. 2011. “Two Steps Forward, One Step Back? Bias in the 2008 Presidential Election.” Electoral Studies 30 (4). Elsevier: 607–20.

Berinsky, Adam J. 2017. “Telling the Truth About Believing the Lies? Evidence for the Limited Prevalence of Expressive Survey Responding.” The Journal of Politics 80 (1). University of Chicago Press Chicago, IL.

Biemer, Paul, and Gordon Brown. 2005. “Model-Based Estimation of Drug Use Prevalence Using Item Count Data.” Journal of Official Statistics 21 (2). Statistics Sweden (SCB): 287–308.

Blair, Graeme, Kosuke Imai, and Jason Lyall. 2014. “Comparing and Combining List and Endorsement Experiments: Evidence from Afghanistan.” American Journal of Political Science 58 (4). Wiley Online Library: 1043–63.

Braithwaite, Jeremy. 2008. “Self-Reported Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Behavior in Males and Females: Using the Unmatched-Count Technique to Examine Reporting Practices of Socially Sensitive Subjects in a Sample of University Students.” Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education 52 (2). American Alcohol; Drug Information Foundation: 49–72.

Bratton, Michael, Boniface Dulani, and Eldred Masunungure. 2016. “Detecting Manipulation in Authoritarian Elections: Survey-Based Methods in Zimbabwe.” Electoral Studies 42. Elsevier: 10–21.

Brierley, Sarah Anne. 2017. “Politicians and Bureaucrats: The Politics of Development and Corruption in Ghana.” PhD thesis, UCLA.

Brooke, Steven. 2017. “Sectarianism and Social Conformity: Evidence from Egypt.” Political Research Quarterly 70 (4). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 848–60.

Brownback, Andy, and Aaron M Novotny. 2017. “Social Desirability Bias and Polling Errors in the 2016 Presidential Election.”

Brueckner, Hannah, Ann Morning, and Alondra Nelson. 2005. “The Expression of Biological Concepts of Race.” In Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Philadelphia, Pa.

Burden, Barry C, Yoshikuni Ono, and Masahiro Yamada. 2017. “Reassessing Public Support for a Female President.” The Journal of Politics 79 (3). University of Chicago Press Chicago, IL: 1073–8.

Bøttkjær, Louise Thorn. 2017. “Crying Wolf: An Experimental Test of the Augmented List Experiment.”

Cappelen, Cornelius, and Tor Midtbø. 2016. “Intra-Eu Labour Migration and Support for the Norwegian Welfare State.” European Sociological Review 32 (6). Oxford University Press: 691–703.

Coffman, Katherine B, Lucas C Coffman, and Keith M Marzilli Ericson. 2016. “The Size of the Lgbt Population and the Magnitude of Antigay Sentiment Are Substantially Underestimated.” Management Science 63 (10). INFORMS: 3168–86. mnsc.2016.2503.

Comşa, Mircea, and Camil Postelnicu. 2012. “Measuring Social Desirability Effects on Self-Reported Turnout Using the Item Count Technique.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research 25 (2). Oxford University Press: 153–72.

Conley, Dalton, and Brian J McCabe. 2011. “Body Mass Index and Physical Attractiveness: Evidence from a Combination Image-Alteration/List Experiment.” Sociological Methods & Research 40 (1). Sage Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 6–31.

Coppock, Alexander. 2017. “Did Shy Trump Supporters Bias the 2016 Polls? Evidence from a Nationally-Representative List Experiment.” Statistics, Politics and Policy 8 (1). De Gruyter: 29–40.

Corstange, Daniel. 2008. “Sensitive Questions, Truthful Answers? Modeling the List Experiment with Listit.” Political Analysis 17 (1). Oxford University Press: 45–63.

———. 2017. “Clientelism in Competitive and Uncompetitive Elections.” Comparative Political Studies 51 (1). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 76–104.

Coutts, Elisabeth, and Ben Jann. 2011. “Sensitive Questions in Online Surveys: Experimental Results for the Randomized Response Technique (Rrt) and the Unmatched Count Technique (Uct).” Sociological Methods & Research 40 (1). Sage Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 169–93.

Creighton, Mathew J, and Amaney Jamal. 2015. “Does Islam Play a Role in Anti-Immigrant Sentiment? An Experimental Approach.” Social Science Research 53. Elsevier: 89–103.

Creighton, Mathew J, Amaney Jamal, and Natalia C Malancu. 2015. “Has Opposition to Immigration Increased in the United States After the Economic Crisis? An Experimental Approach.” International Migration Review 49 (3). Wiley Online Library: 727–56.

Cruz, Cesi. 2014. “Buying One Vote at a Time or Buying in Bulk? Politician Networks and Electoral Strategies.” Institute of Asian Research University of British Columbia.

Çarkoğlu, Ali, and S Erdem Aytaç. 2015. “Who Gets Targeted for Vote-Buying? Evidence from an Augmented List Experiment in Turkey.” European Political Science Review 7 (4). Cambridge University Press: 547–66.

Dai, Yaoyao. 2014. “Do Citizens in Authoritarian Countries Censor Themselves?” PhD thesis, Duke University.

Dalton, Dan R, James C Wimbush, and Catherine M Daily. 1994. “Using the Unmatched Count Technique (Uct) to Estimate Base Rates for Sensitive Behavior.” Personnel Psychology 47 (4). Wiley Online Library: 817–29.

De Cao, Elisabetta, and Clemens Herman Maria Lutz. 2014. Sensitive Survey Questions: Measuring Attitudes Regarding Female Circumcision Through a List Experiment. University of Groningen, Faculty of Economics; Business.

De Jonge, Chad P Kiewiet, and David W Nickerson. 2014. “Artificial Inflation or Deflation? Assessing the Item Count Technique in Comparative Surveys.” Political Behavior 36 (3). Springer: 659–82.

Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto, Beatriz Magaloni, Aila M Matanock, and Vidal Romero. 2011. “Living in Fear: The Dynamics of Extortion in Mexico’s Criminal Insurgency.” In Ponencia Presentada En Violence, Drugs and Governance: Mexican Security in Comparative Perspective Conference, Stanford, Octubre.

Dion, Michelle L, and Jordi Díez. 2016. “Social Desirability Bias and Question Framing Effects: Evidence from a Combined List and Framing Experiment on Same-Sex Marriage Support in Argentina.” In. Fourth Annual Toronto Political Behaviour Workshop.

Donovan, Todd. 2011. “Does Leading in Opinion Polls Make a Candidate More Appealing? Experimenting with the Microfoundations of Momentum.” In. Paper prepared for the 2011 Pacific Northwest Political Science Association meeting.

Droitcour, Judith, Rachel A Caspar, Michael L Hubbard, Teresa L Parsley, Wendy Visscher, and Trena M Ezzati. 1991. “The Item Count Technique as a Method of Indirect Questioning: A Review of Its Development and a Case Study Application.” Measurement Errors in Surveys. Wiley Online Library, 185–210.

Druckman, James N, Mauro Gilli, Samara Klar, and Joshua Robison. 2015. “Measuring Drug and Alcohol Use Among College Student-Athletes.” Social Science Quarterly 96 (2). Wiley Online Library: 369–80.

Enikolopov, Ruben, Alexey Makarin, Maria Petrova, and Leonid Polishchuk. 2017. “Social Image, Networks, and Protest Participation.”

Eriksen, Steffen, Clemens Lutz, and Getaw Tadesse. 2017. “Social Desirability, Opportunism and Actual Support for Farmers’ Market Organisations in Ethiopia.” The Journal of Development Studies. Taylor & Francis, 1–16.

Fairbrass, Alison Julia. 2012. “Using Novel Techniques to Measure Illegal Killing of Birds in Southern Portugal: The Unmatched Count Technique.” PhD thesis, Department of Life Sciences, Silwood Park, Imperial College London.

Fergusson, Leopoldo, Carlos Molina, and Juan Feipe Riaño. 2017a. “I Sell My Vote, and so What? A New Database and Evidence from Colombia.”

———. 2017b. “I Evade Taxes, and so What? A New Database and Evidence from Colombia.”

Finkel, Steven E, Reynaldo T Rojo-Mendoza, Cassilde L Schwartz, Chris A Belasco, and Anne Kreft. 2015. “Evaluation & Analytical Services (Eas) Project for the Regional Peace and Governance Programs.” USAID.

Flavin, Patrick, and Michael Keane. 2009. “How Angry Am I? Let Me Count the Ways: Question Format Bias in List Experiments.” Unpublished Manuscript.

Fredrik M Sjoberg, Erik Herron. 2017. “Manipulating the Vote or the Voter?: The Influence of Electoral Rules on the Tactics of Fraud.”

Frye, Timothy, Scott Gehlbach, Kyle L Marquardt, and Ora John Reuter. 2017. “Is Putin’s Popularity Real?” Post-Soviet Affairs 33 (1). Taylor & Francis: 1–15.

Frye, Timothy, Ora John Reuter, and David Szakonyi. 2014. “Political Machines at Work Voter Mobilization and Electoral Subversion in the Workplace.” World Politics 66 (2). Cambridge University Press: 195–228.

———. 2016. “Hitting Them with Carrots: Voter Intimidation and Vote Buying in Russia.”

Gilens, Martin, Paul M Sniderman, and James H Kuklinski. 1998. “Affirmative Action and the Politics of Realignment.” British Journal of Political Science 28 (1). Cambridge University Press: 159–83.

Gimpel, James G, and Iris Hui. 2017. “Inadvertent and Intentional Partisan Residential Sorting.” The Annals of Regional Science 58 (3). Springer: 441–68.

Gonzalez-Ocantos, Ezequiel, Chad Kiewiet de Jonge, Carlos Meléndez, Javier Osorio, and David W Nickerson. 2012. “Vote Buying and Social Desirability Bias: Experimental Evidence from Nicaragua.” American Journal of Political Science 56 (1). Wiley Online Library: 202–17.

González-Ocantos, Ezequiel, Chad Kiewiet de Jonge, and David W Nickerson. 2015. “Legitimacy Buying: The Dynamics of Clientelism in the Face of Legitimacy Challenges.” Comparative Political Studies 48 (9). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 1127–58.

Gosen, Stefanie. 2014. “Social Desirability in Survey Research: Can the List Experiment Provide the Truth?” PhD thesis, Philipps-Universität Marburg.

Greene, K. 2017. “How Democracy Undermines Vote Buying: Campaign Effects and the Elusive Swing Voter.” Unpublished Manuscript, University of Texas at Austin.

Gunarathne, Anoma, Satoko Kubota, Pradeep Kumarawadu, Kamal Karunagoda, and Hiroichi Kon. 2016. “Is Hiding Foot and Mouth Disease Sensitive Behavior for Farmers? A Survey Study in Sri Lanka.” Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 29 (2). Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP): 280–87.

Haber N., Bärnighausen T., Harling G. 2017. “List Randomization Method for Eliciting Sexual Behaviors in Rural Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.”

Hadji, Maryam, Fariba Asghari, Masoud Yunesian, Payam Kabiri, and Akbar Fotouhi. 2016. “Assessing the Prevalence of Publication Misconduct Among Iranian Authors Using a Double List Experiment.” Iranian Journal of Public Health 45 (7). Tehran University of Medical Sciences: 897–904.

Harden, Jeffrey J. 2013. “Multidimensional Responsiveness: The Determinants of Legislators’ Representational Priorities.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 38 (2). Wiley Online Library: 155–84.

———. 2015. Multidimensional Democracy: A Supply and Demand Theory of Representation in American Legislatures. Cambridge University Press.

Harris, Adam S, Michael G Findley, Daniel L Nielson, and Kennard L Noyes. 2017. “The Economic Roots of Anti-Immigrant Prejudice in the Global South: Evidence from South Africa.” Political Research Quarterly. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA, 1–14.

Heerwig, Jennifer A, and Brian J McCabe. 2009. “Education and Social Desirability Bias: The Case of a Black Presidential Candidate.” Social Science Quarterly 90 (3). Wiley Online Library: 674–86.

Hersh, Eitan D., and Brian F. Schaffner. 2017. “(Im)material Motives: Do Donors Give Out of Narrow Financial Self-Interest?”

Hinsley, Amy, Ana Nuno, Martin Ridout, Freya AV St John, and David L Roberts. 2017. “Estimating the Extent of Cites Noncompliance Among Traders and End-Consumers; Lessons from the Global Orchid Trade.” Conservation Letters 10 (5). Wiley Online Library: 602–9.

Hogg, Forrest. 2014. “Consumption and Conservation: Assessing the Prevalence and Nature of the Illegal.” PhD thesis, Imperial College London.,-msc-thesis/.

Holbrook, Allyson L, and Jon A Krosnick. 2009. “Social Desirability Bias in Voter Turnout Reports: Tests Using the Item Count Technique.” Public Opinion Quarterly 74 (1). Oxford University Press: 37–67.

Holman, Mirya R. 2017. “Social Desirability Bias and Gender Stereotypes: Using Sensitive Methods to Uncover Accurate Attitudes Towards Female Leaders.”

Imai, Kosuke, Bethany Park, and Kenneth F Greene. 2014. “Using the Predicted Responses from List Experiments as Explanatory Variables in Regression Models.” Political Analysis 23 (2). Oxford University Press: 180–96.

Jackman, Simon. 2007. “The Social Desirability of Belief in God.”

Jamison, Julian C, Dean Karlan, and Pia Raffler. 2013. “Mixed Method Evaluation of a Passive mHealth Sexual Information Texting Service in Uganda.” National Bureau of Economic Research.

Janus, Alexander L. 2010. “The Influence of Social Desirability Pressures on Expressed Immigration Attitudes.” Social Science Quarterly 91 (4). Wiley Online Library: 928–46.

Jayasuriya, Dinuk, and John Gibson. 2013. “Elephants, Tigers and Safety in Post-Conflict Sri Lanka.” Australian National University.

Kalinin, Kirill. 2014. “A Study of Social Desirability Bias in the Russian Presidential Elections, 2012.”

———. 2015. “Exploring Putin’s Post-Crimean Supermajority.”

———. 2016. “The Social Desirability Bias in Autocrat’s Electoral Ratings: Evidence from the 2012 Russian Presidential Elections.” Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties 26 (2). Taylor & Francis: 191–211.

———. 2017. “Linking Preference Falsification and Election Fraud in Electoral Autocracies: The Case of Russia.” Political Studies. SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 0032321717706013.

Kalinin, Kirill, and Sasha de Vogel. 2016. “Measuring Propensity of Individual Anti-Government Protest Behavior in Autocracies.”

Kane, James G, Stephen C Craig, and Kenneth D Wald. 2004. “Religion and Presidential Politics in Florida: A List Experiment.” Social Science Quarterly 85 (2). Wiley Online Library: 281–93.

Kathrin Thomas, Sylvia Kritzinger, David Johann, and Eva Zeglovits. 2017. “Estimating Sensitive Behavior: The Ict and High-Incidence Electoral Behavior.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research 29 (1): 157—171.

Kick, Trisha. 2013. “Impact of Sexual History on Perceptions of Men and Women.” PhD thesis, The Ohio State University.

Kiewiet de Jonge, Chad P. 2015. “Who Lies About Electoral Gifts? Experimental Evidence from Latin America.” Public Opinion Quarterly 79 (3). Oxford University Press US: 710–39.

Kim, Seung Hyun, and Sangmook Kim. 2016. “National Culture and Social Desirability Bias in Measuring Public Service Motivation.” Administration & Society 48 (4). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 444–76.

Kirchner, Antje. 2013. “Techniques for Asking Sensitive Questions in Labor Market Surveys.” PhD thesis, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

Klaus, Kathleen F. 2015. “Claiming Land: Institutions, Narratives, and Political Violence in Kenya.” PhD thesis, The University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Kleykamp, Meredith, Crosby Hipes, and Alair MacLean. 2017. “Who Supports Us Veterans and Who Exaggerates Their Support?” Armed Forces & Society 44 (1). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 92–115.

Knoll, Benjamin R. 2013. “Assessing the Effect of Social Desirability on Nativism Attitude Responses.” Social Science Research 42 (6). Elsevier: 1587–98.

Kor, Laura Beatrice. 2015. “Conservation of the Uzbek Ustyurt Saiga Population: Assessing the Drivers of Illegal Behaviour Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour.” Master’s thesis, Imperial College London; Citeseer.

Kramon, Eric. 2016. “Where Is Vote Buying Effective? Evidence from a List Experiment in Kenya.” Electoral Studies 44. Elsevier: 397–408.

Kuha, Jouni, and Jonathan Jackson. 2014. “The Item Count Method for Sensitive Survey Questions: Modelling Criminal Behaviour.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics) 63 (2). Wiley Online Library: 321–41.

Kuklinski, James H, Michael D Cobb, and Martin Gilens. 1997. “Racial Attitudes and the‘ New South’.” The Journal of Politics 59 (2). University of Texas Press: 323–49.

Kuklinski, James H, Paul M Sniderman, Kathleen Knight, Thomas Piazza, Philip E Tetlock, Gordon R Lawrence, and Barbara Mellers. 1997. “Racial Prejudice and Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action.” American Journal of Political Science. JSTOR, 402–19.

LaBrie, Joseph W, and Mitchell Earleywine. 2000. “Sexual Risk Behaviors and Alcohol: Higher Base Rates Revealed Using the Unmatched-Count Technique.” Journal of Sex Research 37 (4). Taylor & Francis: 321–26.

Lax, Jeffrey R, Justin Phillips, and Alissa F Stollwerk. 2016. “Are Survey Respondents Lying About Their Support for Same-Sex Marriage? Lessons from a Recent List Experiment.” Public Opinion Quarterly 80 (2): 510—533.

Leeper, Thomas J, and Emily Thorson. 2015. “Minimal Sponsorship-Induced Bias in Web Survey Data.” In Paper Presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, Il.

Li, Xiaojun, Weiyi Shi, and Boliang Zhu. 2017. “The Face of Internet Recruitment: Evaluating the Labor Markets of Online Crowdsourcing Platforms in China.”

Lippitt, Margaret, Amelia Reese Masterson, Ana Sierra, Amy B Davis, and Marney A White. 2014. “An Exploration of Social Desirability Bias in Measurement of Attitudes Toward Breastfeeding in Public.” Journal of Human Lactation 30 (3). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 358–66.

Luks, Samantha, and J. Quin Monson. 2010. “Pushing the Limits of List Experiments.” International Society of Political Psychology.

Malesky, Edmund J, Dimitar D Gueorguiev, and Nathan M Jensen. 2015. “Monopoly Money: Foreign Investment and Bribery in Vietnam, a Survey Experiment.” American Journal of Political Science 59 (2). Wiley Online Library: 419–39.

Mares, Isabela, and Aurelian Muntean. 2015. “Mayors, Ethnic Intermediaries and Party Brokers: Examining Variation in Clientelistic Strategies in Rural Settings.” In. Annu. Conf. Council for European Studies, Paris, France, June.

Mares, Isabela, and Lauren E Young. 2016. “The Core Voter’s Curse: Coercion and Clientelism in Hungarian Elections.” Working paper, Columbia University.

Mares, Isabela, Aurelian Muntean, and Tsveta Petrova. 2016. “Economic Intimidation in Contemporary Elections: Evidence from Romania and Bulgaria.” Government and Opposition. Cambridge University Press, 1–32.

———. 2017. “Pressure, Favours, and Vote-Buying: Experimental Evidence from Romania and Bulgaria.” Europe-Asia Studies 69 (6). Taylor & Francis: 940–60.

Marques, Diogo, Ildar Muslukhov, Tiago Guerreiro, Luís Carriço, and Konstantin Beznosov. 2016. “Snooping on Mobile Phones: Prevalence and Trends.” In Twelfth Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (Soups 2016). USENIX Association.

Marshall, John. 2015. “Signaling Sophistication: How Social Expectations Can Increase Political Information Acquisition.” Working paper.

Martinez, Michael D, and Stephen C Craig. 2010. “Race and 2008 Presidential Politics in Florida: A List Experiment.” The Forum 8 (2). De Gruyter.

Matanock, Aila M, and Miguel García-Sánchez. 2017. “Does Counterinsurgent Success Match Social Support? Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Colombia.” The Journal of Politics 80 (3). University of Chicago Press Chicago, IL.

McKenzie, David, and Melissa Siegel. 2013. “Eliciting Illegal Migration Rates Through List Randomization.” Migration Studies 1 (3). Oxford University Press: 276–91.

Meng, Tianguang, Jennifer Pan, and Ping Yang. 2017. “Conditional Receptivity to Citizen Participation: Evidence from a Survey Experiment in China.” Comparative Political Studies 50 (4). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 399–433.

Miller, Judith Droitcour. 1984. “A New Survey Technique for Studying Deviant Behavior.” PhD thesis, George Washington University.

Mizuno, Elda Lorena Becerra. 2012. “Does Everyone Have a Price? The Demand Side of Clientelism and Vote-Buying in an Emerging Democracy.” PhD thesis, Duke University.

Monson, J. Quin. 2010. “Social Equality Norms for Race, Gender and Religion in the American Public During the 2008 Presidential Primaries Social Equality Norms for Race, Gender and Religion in the American Public During the 2008 Presidential Primaries.”

Morgan, Richard K. 2016. “Road Warriors: State Power, Territorial Control, & Popular Support in Insurgencies.”

Moseson, Heidi, Moses Massaquoi, Christine Dehlendorf, Luke Bawo, Bernice Dahn, Yah Zolia, Eric Vittinghoff, Robert A Hiatt, and Caitlin Gerdts. 2015. “Reducing Under-Reporting of Stigmatized Health Events Using the List Experiment: Results from a Randomized, Population-Based Study of Abortion in Liberia.” International Journal of Epidemiology 44 (6). Oxford University Press: 1951–8.

Muralidharan, Karthik, Paul Niehaus, and Sandip Sukhtankar. 2016. “Building State Capacity: Evidence from Biometric Smartcards in India.” The American Economic Review 106 (10). American Economic Association: 2895–2929.

Nuno, ANA, Nils Bunnefeld, Loiruck C Naiman, and Eleanor J MILNER-GULLAND. 2013. “A Novel Approach to Assessing the Prevalence and Drivers of Illegal Bushmeat Hunting in the Serengeti.” Conservation Biology 27 (6). Wiley Online Library: 1355–65.

Oliveros, Virginia. 2013. A Working Machine Patronage Jobs and Political Services in Argentina. Columbia University.

———. 2016. “Making It Personal: Clientelism, Favors, and the Personalization of Public Administration in Argentina.” Comparative Politics 48 (3). City University of New York: 373–91.

Ostwald, Kai, and Guillem Riambau. 2017. “Voting Behavior Under Doubts of Ballot Secrecy.”

Parry, Janine, and Rafael A Jimeno. 2010. “When Do Blue and Black Make Red? The Role of Racism in Arkansas’s 2008 Presidential Vote.”

Pavao, Nara. 2015. The Failures of Electoral Accountability for Corruption: Brazil and Beyond. University of Notre Dame.

Peterman, Amber, Tia M Palermo, Sudhanshu Handa, and David Seidenfeld. 2017. “List Randomization for Soliciting Experience of Intimate Partner Violence: Application to the Evaluation of Zambia’s Unconditional Child Grant Program.” Health Economics. Wiley Online Library, 1–7.

Phillips, Chelsea, and Thomas Carsey. 2013. “The Power and Influence of Political Identities Beyond Political Contexts.”

Prior, Markus. 2009. “Improving Media Effects Research Through Better Measurement of News Exposure.” The Journal of Politics 71 (3). Cambridge University Press New York, USA: 893–908.

Randrianantoandro, Tiana N, Hiroichi Kono, and Satoko Kubota. 2015. “Knowledge and Behavior in an Animal Disease Outbreak–Evidence from the Item Count Technique in a Case of African Swine Fever in Madagascar.” Preventive Veterinary Medicine 118 (4). Elsevier: 483–87.

Rayburn, Nadine Recker, Mitchell Earleywine, and Gerald C Davison. 2003. “An Investigation of Base Rates of Anti-Gay Hate Crimes Using the Unmatched-Count Technique.” Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma 6 (2). Taylor & Francis: 137–52.

Redlawsk, David P, Caroline J Tolbert, and William Franko. 2010. “Voters, Emotions, and Race in 2008: Obama as the First Black President.” Political Research Quarterly 63 (4). Sage Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: 875–89.

Ronconi, Lucas, and Rodrigo Zarazaga SJ. 2015. “Labor Exclusion and the Erosion of Citizenship Responsibilities.” World Development 74. Elsevier: 453–61.

Rosenfeld, Bryn, Kosuke Imai, and Jacob N Shapiro. 2016. “An Empirical Validation Study of Popular Survey Methodologies for Sensitive Questions.” American Journal of Political Science 60 (3). Wiley Online Library: 783–802.

Schneider, Angela L. Bos, Monica C., and Madeline DiFilippo. 2017. “Gender Role Violations and Voter Prejudice: The Dominance Penalty Faced by Female Politicians.”

Seljan, Ellen C, Todd Lochner, Maya Gold, and Walker Davis. 2016. “I Know What You Did Last Cycle: Improving the Detection of State Campaign Finance Violations.” Election Law Journal 15 (3). Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA: 197–213.

Sheppard, Sean C, and Mitch Earleywine. 2013. “Using the Unmatched Count Technique to Improve Base Rate Estimates of Risky Driving Behaviours Among Veterans of the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.” Injury Prevention 19 (6). BMJ Publishing Group Ltd: 382–86.

Simon, Miranda, Cassilde Schwartz, David Hudson, and S Johnson. 2016. “Illegal Migration as Adaptation: An Agent Based Model of Migration Dynamics.” In. American Political Science Association Annual Meeting.

Simpser, Alberto. 2017. “Why Do Sensitive Survey Questions Elicit Truthful Answers? Theory and Evidence with Application to the Rrt and the List Experiment.”

Starosta, Amy J, and Mitch Earleywine. 2014. “Assessing Base Rates of Sexual Behavior Using the Unmatched Count Technique.” Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: An Open Access Journal 2 (1). Taylor & Francis: 198–210.

Streb, Matthew J, Barbara Burrell, Brian Frederick, and Michael A Genovese. 2007. “Social Desirability Effects and Support for a Female American President.” Public Opinion Quarterly 72 (1). Oxford University Press: 76–89.

Su, Yanfang. 2015. “Improving Health Measures: Evidence from a List Experiment, Cognitive Interviews, and a Vignette Study.” PhD thesis.

Swedlund, Haley J. 2017. “Can Foreign Aid Donors Credibly Threaten to Suspend Aid? Evidence from a Cross-National Survey of Donor Officials.” Review of International Political Economy. Taylor & Francis, 1–43.

Tang, Wenfang. 2016. Populist Authoritarianism: Chinese Political Culture and Regime Sustainability. Oxford University Press.

Thomas, Alyssa S, Michael C Gavin, and Taciano L Milfont. 2015. “Estimating Non-Compliance Among Recreational Fishers: Insights into Factors Affecting the Usefulness of the Randomized Response and Item Count Techniques.” Biological Conservation 189. Elsevier: 24–32.

Traunmüller, Richard, Sara Kijewski, and Markus Freitag. 2017. “The Silent Victims of Wartime Sexual Violence: Evidence from a List Experiment in Sri Lanka.”

Tsuchiya, Takahiro, Yoko Hirai, and Shigeru Ono. 2007. “A Study of the Properties of the Item Count Technique.” Public Opinion Quarterly 71 (2). Oxford University Press: 253–72.

Usmani, Wali Ahmed, Diogo Marques, Ivan Beschastnikh, Konstantin Beznosov, Tiago Guerreiro, and Luís Carriço. 2017. “Characterizing Social Insider Attacks on Facebook.” In Proceedings of the 2017 Chi Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 3810–20. ACM.

Weghorst, Keith R. 2015. “Political Attitudes and Response Bias in Semi-Democratic Regimes.”

Wilde, Vera Katelyn. 2014. “Neutral Competence? Polygraphy and Technology-Mediated Administrative Decisions.” PhD thesis, University of Virginia.

Wimbush, James C, and Dan R Dalton. 1997. “Base Rate for Employee Theft: Convergence of Multiple Methods.” Journal of Applied Psychology 82 (5). American Psychological Association: 756–63.

Wolter, Felix, and Bastian Laier. 2014. “The Effectiveness of the Item Count Technique in Eliciting Valid Answers to Sensitive Questions. an Evaluation in the Context of Self-Reported Delinquency.” In Survey Research Methods, 8:153–68. 3.